K-12 Education System in the USA

USA curriculum emphasizes on Intellectual, Physical, Learning skills, Language, and Emotional development of students

  1. Primary/Elementary School
  • Age – 6 years
  • Grade – 1 to 5
  • Course duration: 5-6 years

SUBJECTS

In primary or elementary school education, a student will complete five grades. These five grades of education focus on introducing children to the broad range of knowledge, basic academic learning, reading and socialization skills they will need to perform well in their future. This also includes learning the basics of mathematics, English proficiency, science, social studies, physical development and fine arts.

The mandatory subjects can be classified as:

  • Mathematics
  • English
  • Social Science
  • Science
  • Language arts
  • History
  • Art
  • Music

USA curriculum offers students extracurricular activities such as sports and performing arts.

  1. Secondary School

i) Middle School/Junior high School

  • Age – 11-13 years
  • Grade – 6 to 8

ii) High School

  • Age – 14 to 18
  • Grade – 9 to 12

SUBJECTS

Core” areas of the USA curriculum are  English, science, social studies, and math every year, although others allow more choice after 10th grade. The majority of high schools require four English credits to graduate

The mandatory subjects can be classified as:

  • Science- Biology, Chemistry and Physics
  • Mathematics- Statistics, Algebra, Geometry and Calculus
  • English- Oral languages, Humanities, Literature and Composition
  • Social Sciences- History, Geography and Economics.
  • *Earth and Space science – Grade 6/Life science – Grade 7/Physical Science – Grade 8
  • Computer-ICT, Languages
  • Foreign Languages: Spanish, French

High school math courses typically include Pre-algebraAlgebraGeometry, and Trigonometry Classes.

Advanced study options can include Precalculus, Calculus, and Statistics, with an opportunity to earn Advanced Placement. Usually, only three math credits are required for graduation. Public high schools offer a wide variety of elective courses. Common types of electives include:

  • Visual arts
  • Performing arts
  • Vocational education
  • Computer science/information technology
  1. Courses in the USA at University Level
  • SAT
  • ACT: Maths, Science
  • Business Management: Economics, Business study, Accounts
  • Sciences: Physics, Chemistry, Biology
  • Computer Science: Computer networking, ICT, Computer Languages.

Most the USA states have made health courses mandatory so that the students learn about first aid, nutrition and drug awareness. Art, foreign language and physical education are also made compulsory by some schools in the curriculum.

Eclassopedia mentoring USA students in the following way

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